What is Pre-diabetes?
Prediabetes is a diabetes “pre-diagnosis ” you can see it as a warning sign. this condition arises when the level of blood glucose(level of blood sugar) is higher than normal but not high enough to be considered diabetes.
Prediabetes means your blood sugar level is higher than normal but not yet sufficiently high to be diabetes of type 2, people with prediabetes are highly likely to progress to type 2 diabetes without changes in lifestyle. if you have prediabetes, the long – term damage to diabetes may already begin – especially to your heart, blood vessels, and kidneys.
It is not inevitable to progress from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes, eating healthy foods, incorporating physical activity into your daily routine and maintaining a healthy weight can help to normalize your blood sugar level.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends screening adult blood glucose at age 45, the good news is that by making lifestyle changes if you have prediabetes, you can prevent or delay the onset of full-blown type 2 diabetes, these include eating a healthy diet, getting a healthy weight, maintaining it, and regular exercise.
What Causes Pre-diabetes?
You are at risk for pre-diabetes if any of the following are true:
- You are obese or overweight.
- High blood pressure is present (above 140/90 mm Hg).
- You’ve got a diabetes parent, brother, or sister.
- You are a woman with an ovary syndrome (PCOS) polycystic.
- During pregnancy you had diabetes (called gestational diabetes) or you had a baby that at birth weighed more than 9 pounds.
- You are African American, Native American, Asian / Pacific Islander or Latin American.
- Your level of HDL cholesterol (“good” cholesterol) is too low (less than 40 mg per dL for men or 50 mg per dL for women), or your level of triglycerides is above 250 mg per dL. You are a woman with an ovary syndrome (PCOS) polycystic.
Symptoms of Pre-diabetes.
Know the Common Symptoms that Indicate a Higher Risk of Diabetes:
Diabetes develops very gradually, so you may not have any symptoms at all when you are in the stage of prediabetes, when your blood glucose level is higher than it should be.
However, you may notice?
- You’re tired of more than usual.
- You’re more hungry than usual.
- You lose weight, even though you eat more.
- You are thirtieth more than usual.
- More often you have to go to the bathroom.
- Extreme fatigue.
- Blurry vision.
- Unusually frequent urination.
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet.
- Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal.
- Feeling tired.
- Stomach or bowel pain.
- Back pain.
- Pain in the joints.
- Headaches or pressure in the head.
Treatment of Pre-diabetes.
The primary prediabetes treatment is the same as you are doing to prevent diabetes, losing weight, exercising, and eating a healthy diet, these 3 things can help control and keep your blood sugar levels from getting higher.
Your blood sugar levels may decrease in some cases, by making these lifestyle changes, prediabetes can be reversed.