What Is Labyrinthitis?
Labyrinthitis is an internal ear inflammation which is often a complication of middle ear infection (otitis media), It is usually caused by the spread from the head or respiratory tract into the inner ear of bacterial or viral infections.
It can cause a type of balance disorder known as labyrinthitis when your inner ear becomes infected or inflamed, sometimes when you have an upper respiratory infection, such as flu, you can get it.
Inner ear infections resulting in labyrinthitis are usually caused by a virus. It can also be caused by bacteria sometimes.
The symptoms of viral and bacterial infections can be so similar that a doctor must confirm your type before he can treat it.
Symptoms are dizziness, nausea, and hearing loss, vertigo, another symptom, is a type of dizziness that is marked by the feeling you are moving, even if you are not, driving, working, and other activities can be interfered with. Medicines and techniques of self-help can reduce the severity of your vertigo.
What Causes It?
Your inner ear contains a system called the labyrinth of loopy tubes and sacs, it contains a few cells of fluid and hair, it also controls your hearing and balance, an infection may interfere with information that flows into your brain from this area, labyrinthitis can occur at any age, a variety of factors can cause labyrinthitis,
- Stomach viruses.
- Herpes viruses.
- Breathing diseases like bronchitis.
- Lnfectious organisms like the lyme disease-causing organism.
- Inner ear viral infections.
- Bacterial infections, including infections of the bacterial middle ear.
Symptoms of Labyrinthitis.
The most common symptoms of labyrinthitis are:
- Ear pain.
- Mild headaches.
- Feeling or being sick.
- Earache or ear pain.
- Some hearing loss.
- Spinning sensation (vertigo).
- Problems with balance or walking.
- Difficulty focusing your eyes.
- Ringing or tingling (tinnitus) in your ear(s).
- Vision changes, such as blurred vision or double vision.
- Fluid or pus leaking out of your ear(s).
- Feeling you’re moving or spinning around (vertigo).
- Loss of hearing in the high-frequency range in one ear.
- Tinnitus, which is characterized by a ringing or buzzing in your ear.
Treatment of Labyrinthitis.
While labyrinthitis usually leaves in a few weeks on its own, it may last for months, treatment can help alleviate symptoms and avoid complications. Once a bacterial infection is excluded, depending on your symptoms, your doctor may prescribe.
The following Medicines:
- Antiviral drugs.
- Medicines to alleviate swelling.
- Medicines for nausea and vomiting control.
- If you become seriously dehydrated intravenous fluids.
Self-Care for Labyrinthitis:
- Stay still and rest.
- Restarting activity slowly.
- Physical treatment to improve equilibrium.
- Avoid sudden movements or changes in position.
- During attacks, avoid bright lights, television and reading.