Gum Disease

Introduction of Gallstones and Types

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What is Gallstones.

Gallstones are hardened digestive fluid deposits that may form in your gallbladder, your gallbladder on the right side of your abdomen is a small, pear-shaped organ just below your liver.

The gallbladder contains a digestive fluid called bile, which is released into the small intestine, gallstones range in size from a grain of sand to a ball of golf. some people only develop one gallstone, while the others simultaneously develop many gallstones.

Gallstones are hard, pebble – like pieces of material that develop in your  gallbladder, usually made of cholesterol or bilirubin, they can cause sudden pain when gallstones block your bile ducts, which means you need immediate medical attention.

They may cause complications if left untreated, gallstones range in size from a grain of sand to a ball of golf. Some people only develop one gallstone while others simultaneously develop many gallstones.

People with gallstone symptoms usually require surgery to remove the  gallbladder, gallstones that do not typically cause signs and symptoms do not require treatment.


Types of Gallstones.

The two main kinds are:

  1. Cholesterol stones.
  2. Pigment stones.

Cholesterol stone:

The most common type of gallstone, called a gallstone of cholesterol, often appears in color yellow, these gallstones mainly consist of undissolved cholesterol, but may contain other components.
These are usually colored yellow-green and represent 80% of gallstones.

Pigment stones:

Smaller and darker are these stones, they are made of bilirubin from bile, a fluid that makes your liver and stores your gallbladder.


  • Back pain between blades of your shoulder.
  • Sudden and rapidly intensifying pain in your upper right abdomen.
  • Sudden and rapidly intensifying pain in the center of your abdomen.
  • Pain in the right shoulder.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomiting.
  • Abdominal bloating.
  • Recurring intolerance of fatty foods.
  • Colic.
  • Belching.
  • Gas.
  • Indigestion.
  • Heartburn.


  • Surgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy).
  • Medications to dissolve gallstones.

Surgery to remove the gallbladder (cholecystectomy):

As gallstones often recur, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove your gallbladder. Once your gallbladder is removed, instead of being stored in your gallbladder, bile flows directly from your liver into your small intestine, you don’t need your gallbladder to live, and removing the gallbladder doesn’t affect your digestive ability, but it can cause diarrhea, which is usually temporary.

Medications to dissolve gallstones:

Medicines you take by mouth may help with gallstones dissolving. but dissolving your gallstones in this way may take months or years of treatment and gallstones will probably form again if treatment is stopped.
Medicines do not work at times, gallstone medicines are not widely used  and are reserved for people who are unable to undergo surgery.

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