Dehydration occurs when you are using or losing more fluid than you are taking in, and your body lacks enough water and other fluids to perform its normal functions, you’ll get dehydrated if you don’t replace lost fluids, dehydrated patients do not have enough water in their blood to supply their tissues with nutrition and oxygen.
By sweating too much, by urinating too much, or by not absorbing water through disease, you can become dehydrated, all these must also be accompanied by the failure to replenish the lost fluid. In many cases, patients simply drink water to correct dehydration.
The human body is about 75% water. It can’t survive without this water. in cells, in blood vessels, and between cells, water is found, by sweating, breathing, peeing, and pooping, and by tears and saliva (spit) it is normal to lose water from your body every day, the lost liquid is usually replaced by drinking fluids and eating water – containing foods, you may get dehydrated if you lose too much water or if you don’t drink and eat enough.
You can lose more water than usual with:
- A fever.
- Excessive sweating.
- Peeing a lot.
- Diarrhea, vomiting.
- Increased urination.
Thirst is not always a reliable early indicator of the need for water for the body, many people do not feel thirsty until they are already dehydrated, especially older adults, that’s why increasing the intake of water during hot weather or when you’re ill is important, it is important to note that dehydration can occur without thirst, especially in older adults.
Therefore, when ill, or during hotter weather, it is important to drink more water.
The signs and symptoms of dehydration include:
- Being thirsty.
- Urinating less often than usual.
- Dark-colored urine.
- Dry mouth.
- Weakness in muscles.
- Inability to urinate.
- Rapid heartbeat.
- Rapid breathing.
- Sunken eyes.
- Lack of energy.
- Confusion or Irritability.
Symptoms in children:
- High fever.
- In infants – a sunken fontanel (soft spot at the top of the head).
- Dry mouth and tongue.
- When weeping, no tears.
- Sunken eyes and/or cheeks.
- No wet slide for 3 hours or more.
- Listlessness or irritability.
- When weeping, no tears.
- Sunken eyes, cheeks, soft spot on the top of the skull.
Replacing lost fluids and lost electrolytes is the only effective treatment for dehydration, the best approach to treatment with dehydration depends on age, severity and cause of dehydration.
The interventions with the greatest impact on the course of acute diarrhea are hydration and nutrition, the use of clinical dehydration scales / scores to assess dehydration severity and early rehydration may have a positive impact, start with every one to five minutes about a teaspoon (5 milliliters) and increase as tolerated.
Using a syringe for very young children may be easier, diluted sports drinks can be given to older children. Use 1 section of sports drink to 1 section of water.
Emergency personnel arriving in an ambulance or hospital emergency room should treat children and adults who are severely dehydrated. salt and fluid delivered through a vein (intravenously) is rapidly absorbed and recovery is accelerated.