Causes of Acne.
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cells plug in your hair follicles, it sometimes causes whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples to appear on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders, acne is most common among adolescents, although it affects individuals of all ages.
Acne is a disorder of the skin that affects people all over the world. every year, this ailment affects over 50 million Americans in varying degrees, and according to this, acne is the most common skin condition in the U.S, to some extent.
Most people develop acne the most common skin condition but it primarily affects adolescents undergoing hormonal changes, acne can be mild or moderate (inflammatory papules) or severe (nodules and cysts), treatment depends on the condition’s severity.
Four main factors cause acne:
- Excess oil production.
- Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells.
- Excess activity of a type of hormone (androgens).
Types of Acne.
- Pustules (pimples).
Whiteheads are clogged follicles that are covered by a thin skin layer that appears as white bumps or spots, closed comedones are the medical term for whiteheads, these are small spots or bumps that are whitish or flesh-colored, they usually have a red halo surrounded by a white, circular center.
Sometimes a hair will emerge from a whitehead’s center, or it may seem trapped in the blemish, it may seem that the skin around a whitehead is tight or wrinkled, especially when the whitehead is large or raised. typically, whiteheads do not cause scarring.
These are clogged, uninfected follicles that appear on the skin as a dark bump, usually the skin around a blackhead appears normal, while the blackhead center is darker than the area around it.
The coloring is not the result of dirt being trapped, blackheads are simply opening and widening whiteheads, when a whitehead’s contents are exposed to air, they obscure.
Blackheads occur when a sebum and dead skin cells clog a pore, despite the rest being clogged, the top of the pore remains open, this results in the surface’s characteristic black color.
Pustules are lesions inflamed that are usually filled with pus, they may appear white or yellow, and acne scarring may result in popping pustules.
When the walls around your pores break down, pustules can also form, pustules are filled with pus, unlike papules, these bumps are usually red in color and come out of the skin, they often have overhead yellow or white heads.
Papules are inflamed lesions that may appear red and may be painful and sensitive.
Papules occur when severe inflammation breaks down the walls around your pores. this results in pores that are hard, clogged and tender to touch, usually the skin around these pores is pink.
Cysts are a severe form of pus-filled, inflamed acne lesion. they are generally painful and need to be treated professionally.
Cysts may develop by a combination of bacteria, sebum, and dead skin cells when pores are clogged, the clogs occur deep inside the skin and are lower than the nodules, often these big red or white bumps are painful to the touch, cysts are the largest form of acne, usually caused by a severe infection, it’s also the most likely type of acne to scar.
The isotretinoin (Sotret) prescription medication is commonly used to treat cysts, your dermatologist may remove a cyst surgically in severe cases.
Nodules are a severe form of acne lesion that develops under the skin, they usually do not contain pus but are difficult to touch.
Nodules occur when pores that are clogged and swollen continue to irritate and grow larger, nodules are deeper under the skin, unlike pustules and papules, because nodules in the skin are so deep, you typically can not treat them at home.
Medication on prescription is needed to help clear these,
your doctor or dermatologist may prescribe isotretinoin (Sotret) for oral medication, this is made from a vitamin a form and is taken four to six months a day, by reducing the size of the oil gland in the pores, it can treat and prevent nodules.